Functional Domestic Lighting

Functional lighting is considered the primary lighting used in a home.

The important factors to consider when doing a lighting design plan for a house are:

Style (aesthetics)
Dimensions and details of the space
Furnishings and layouts
Functions and space
Lighting budget

These important factors are defined as follows: -

Establish the style of home

Find out the dimensions and details of the home
Ceiling height
Room sizes
Exterior landscape plans eg. pool, fountains, garden layout

Consider the decor

Colour of walls and ceilings
Colour of flooring: carpet, tiles, timber etc
Brick – colour
Cement rendered - colour
Timber or aluminium windows and doors – colour

Consider furnishings and layouts

It is necessary to know the working and non-working areas in each room.  For example – locate where the wardrobes or work stations such as desks or computers are, so that ample light is directed to these areas.  It also should be noted if furniture will be re-arranged occasionally.

Define the function of the space

Be aware of the activities taking place in each area.  For example – is it a leisure area, entertaining area or work area?

Consider the budget

You will have a budget in mind for your lighting requirements.  It is important to consider the budget so that one of our lighting consultants can work out the best possible solution for the lighting project at an affordable price.

The defined factors should give our lighting consultant a clear picture of the lighting project and create a good working and confident relationship with you.  These factors will also control the reflective light that is expelled from the different coloured and textured surfaces.  This will help establish how much light is required in each area and what types of light fittings are suitable.

Secondary Lighting

After functional lighting has been applied to the lighting plan, the introduction of secondary lighting can be considered.  This includes:

Accent Lighting – to create ambience and bring out the best features of the interior decor by emphasising particular objects.

Effect Lighting – the lighting itself is used as a feature to create interest in a room, eg. downlights creating light patterns on an adjacent wall.

Decorative Lighting – describes the use of attractive light fittings (or luminaires) and lamps.

Architectural Lighting – is unobtrusive lighting used to highlight architectural features such as cornices, coves or canopies.

Mood Lighting – lighting that creates a mood or atmosphere. This can be by achieved by dimming existing lights, having separate switches for different lights in the one room or using uplighters.

All of the above factors need to be carefully taken into consideration when choosing the correct lighting system for your home.